Nipah Virus: Symptoms and Cure -The first case of Nipah virus was first reported in Singapore and Malaysia in 1998 and 1999. It first affects pigs, bats or other organisms, and in the presence of it, people also get into a grip. 

Nipah Virus: Symptoms and Cure The first signs were seen in Malaysia when a person was caught by this virus and was killed, it was named Nippah after the same village. This virus listed in the World Health Organization’s Terrestrial Animal Health Code.

How Nipah Viruses Expands??

Nipah Virus: Symptoms and Cure
Nipah Virus expand in the world

Nipah virus spreads through exposure to human infected pigs, bats or other infected organisms. This virus causes encephalitis. This infection spreads to people through fruit bets. Those who cultivate date palm come quickly in the grip of this infection. In 2004, due to this virus, a lot of people faced many problems in Bangladesh.

What are its symptoms??

The person suffering from Nipah Virus diagnosed with:

  • Acute Infection Fever
  • Headache
  • Mental Confusion
  • Deviation
  • Coma and at last death

at the end in the form of this encephalic syndrome. In Malaysia, due to this, nearly 50 percent of patients died.

Methods of defense

In humans, the only way to fix nipa virus is to take proper care. The medicine called ribavirin has proved effective against the virus. However, the clinical efficacy of ribavirin is uncertain in human tests so far. Apart from this,

  • Keep the distance from infected pigs, bats or other infected organisms.
  • Don’t eat partly consumed fruits
  • Be careful about kids during the mango season
  • Eat fruits only after proper washing
  • Keep personal hygiene

Although, specific HIV treatment or vaccine for humans or animals is currently not present.

The case of being infected with Nippah also appeared in the Malaysian firm where a pig was hit by this dangerous virus. While there have been cases of the human virus spreading from humans in Bangladesh and India. Therefore, hospitals are being taken care of patients infected with this virus and samples are being collected from slaughterhouses also.

Morbidity and mortality due to Nipah or Nipah-like virus encephalitis, South-East Asia Region, 2001-2012 (Report Source: WHO)

Nipah Virus: Symptoms and Cure
Year/Month Location No. cases No. deaths Case Fatality Rate
Jan-Feb 2001 Siliguri (India) 66 45 68%
Apr-May 2001 Meherpur (Bangladesh) 13 9 69%
Jan-03 Naogaon (Bangladesh) 12 8 67%
Jan  2004 Rajbari( Bangladesh) 31 23 74%
Apr-04 Faridpur (Bangladesh) 36 27 75%
Jan-Mar 2005 Tangail (Bangladesh) 12 11 92%
Jan-Feb 2007 Thakurgaon (Bangladesh) 7 3 43%
Mar-07 Kushtia,Pabna,Natore (Bangladesh) 8 5 63%
Apr-07 Naogaon (Bangladesh) 3 1 33%
Apr-07 Nadia (India) 5 5 100%
Feb-08 Manikgonj (Bangladesh) 4 4 100%
Apr-08 Rajbari and Faridpur (Bangladesh) 7 5 71%
Jan-09 Gaibandha, Rangpur and Nilphamari (Bangladesh) 3 0 0%
Rajbari (Bangladesh) 1 1 100%
Feb-Mar 2010 Faridpur, Rajbari,Gopalganj,Madaripur (Bangladesh) 16 14 87.50%
Jan-Feb 2011 Lalmohirhat, Dinajpur, Comilla, Nilphamari and Rangpur (Bangladesh) 44 40 91%
Feb-12 Joypurhat, Rajshahi, Natore, Rajbari and Gopalganj (Bangladesh) 12 10 83%
Total 280 211 75%

Facts about this virus

  1. Nipah  Virus causes a rare Brain Fever caused by Fruit Bats
  2. Chances of infection are more when you are experiencing headache, breathing problem, high fever.
  3. There is no vaccination available for Nipah Virus currently

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